Authors

Leo Tolstoy

Posted On October 28, 2015 at 7:52 am by / No Comments

L.N.Tolstoy_Prokudin-Gorsky

Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (/ˈtlstɔɪ, ˈtɒl/;[1] Russian: Лев Никола́евич Толсто́й, pronounced [lʲɛf nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪtɕ tɐlˈstoj]; 9 September [O.S. 28 August] 1828 – 20 November [O.S. 7 November] 1910), usually referred to in English as , was a Russian novelist. He is regarded as one of the greatest in the canon of world literature.

His best known works are War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877). He first achieved literary acclaim in his 20s with the semi-autobiographical trilogy, Childhood,Boyhood, and Youth (1852–1856), and Sevastopol Sketches (1855), the latter based upon his experiences in the Crimean War. Tolstoy’s fiction includes dozens of short stories and several novellas such as The Death of Ivan Ilyich, Family Happiness, and Hadji Murad. He also wrote plays and numerous philosophical essays.

 

 

 

 

In the 1870s Tolstoy experienced a moral crisis, followed by what he regarded as a profound spiritual awakening, as outlined in his non-fiction work A Confession. His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist. His new-found asceticism and determination to renounce his considerable wealth tipped his marriage into turmoil, which continued right up to his death at the age of 82, in the waiting room of an, until then, obscure Russian railway station.

Novels

  • Childhood (Детство [Detstvo], 1852) – Volume 1 of ‘Autobiographical Trilogy’
  • Boyhood (Отрочество [Otrochestvo], 1854) – Volume 2 of ‘Autobiographical Trilogy’
  • Youth (Юность [Yunost’], 1856) – Volume 3 of ‘Autobiographical Trilogy’
  • The Cossacks (Казаки [Kazaki], 1863)
  • War and Peace (Война и мир [Voyna i mir], 1869)
  • Anna Karenina (Анна Каренина [Anna Karenina], 1877)
  • Resurrection (Воскресение [Voskresenie], 1899)

Novellas 

Short stories

  • The Raid” (“Набег” [“Nabeg”], 1852)
  • “The Wood-Felling” (“Рубка леса” [“Rubka lesa”], 1855)
  • Sevastopol Sketches” (“Севастопольские рассказы” [“Sevastopolskie rasskazy”], 1855–1856)
    • “Sevastopol in December 1854” (1855)
    • “Sevastopol in May 1855” (1855)
    • “Sevastopol in August 1855” (1856)
  • “A Billiard-Marker’s Notes” (“Записки маркера” [“Zapiski markera”], 1855)
  • The Snowstorm” (“Метель” [“Metel”], 1856)
  • “Two Hussars” (“Два гусара” [“Dva gusara”], 1856)
  • “A Landlord’s Morning” (1856)
  • “Meeting a Moscow Acquaintance in the Detachment” (1856)
  • “Lucerne” (“Люцерн” [“Lyutsern”], 1857)
  • Albert” (“Альберт” [“Al’bert”], 1858)
  • Three Deaths” (“Три смерти” [“Tri smerti”], 1859)
  • “The Porcelain Doll” (1863)
  • “Polikúshka” (“Поликушка” [“Polikushka”], 1863)
  • God Sees the Truth, But Waits” (“Бог правду видит, да не скоро скажет” [“Bog pravdu vidit, da ne skoro skazhet”], 1872)
  • The Prisoner in the Caucasus” (“Кавказский пленник” [“Kavkazskii plennik”], 1872)
  • “The Bear-Hunt” (1872)
  • What Men Live By” (“Чем люди живы” [“Chem lyudi zhivy”], 1881)
  • “Memoirs of a Madman” (1884)
  • Quench the Spark” (“Упустишь огонь, не потушишь” [“Upustish ogon’, ne potushish”], 1885)
  • “Two Old Men” (1885)
  • Where Love Is, God Is” (“Где любовь, там и бог” [“Gde lyubov’, tam i bog], 1885)
  • Ivan the Fool” (“Сказка об Иване—дураке” [“Skazka ob Ivane—durake”], 1885)
  • “Evil Allures, But Good Endures” (1885)
  • On Suicide (1900)
  • The Slavery of Our Times (1900)
  • Thou Shalt Not Kill (1900)
  • Reply to the Holy Synod (1901)
  • The Only Way (1901)
  • On Religious Toleration (1901)
  • What Is Religion and What is its Essence? (1902)
  • To the Orthodox Clergy (1903)
  • Thoughts of Wise Men (compilation; 1904)
  • The Only Need (1905)
  • The Grate Sin (1905)
  • A Cycle of Reading (compilation; 1906)
  • Do Not Kill (1906)
  • Love Each Other (1906)
  • An Appeal to Youth (1907)
  • The Law of Love and the Law of Violence (1908)[3]
  • The Only Command (1909)
  • A Calendar of Wisdom (Путь Жизни [Put’ Zhizni]; compilation; 1909)

Works on art and literature

  • What Is Art? (1897)
  • Art and Not Art (1897)
  • Shakespeare and the Drama (1909)

Pedagogical works

  • Articles from Tolstoy’s journal on education, “Yasnaya Polyana” (1861–1862)
  • A Primer (1872)
  • On Popular Instruction (1874)
  • A New Primer (1875)

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